The Garbin Lab is moving

We are excited to announce that the lab is moving to TU Delft. Our research group joins the Transport Phenomena section of the Department of Chemical Engineering. We are already offering BSc/MSc projects for students of TU Delft, and soon we will advertise new openings for PhD students and postdocs.

The past 7 years in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial College London have been very productive and successful, thanks to the creativity and perseverance of our PhD students and postdocs (Vincent Poulichet, Angelo Pommella, Marc Tinguely, Christiana Udoh, Akaki Jamburidze, Axel Huerre, Marco De Corato, Saikat Saha, Diego Baresch, Brice-Saint Michel, Nerine Joewondo) and to the support and friendship of colleagues, particularly Omar Matar, Serafim Kalliadasis, Ronny Pini, João Cabral, Paul Luckham, Roberto Rinaldi, Klaus Hellgardt, Geoff Maitland, Mengxing Tang, James Choi, John Seddon, and many others. Thank you!

PhD Studentship in “Nanomechanical Characterisation of Soft Biomimetic Materials”

A PhD Studentship in “Nanomechanical Characterisation of Soft Biomimetic Materials” is available in our lab in collaboration with Phil Jones at UCL Physics. The successful candidate will also be enrolled into the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Advanced Characterisation of Materials, and have the opportunity of a three-month placement with an academic partner. Apply here. Deadline for applications: 31 March 2019.

The project objective is to develop and utilise a suite of advanced analytical techniques, including optical tweezers and microfluidics, for characterising the (nano)mechanical properties of ‘soft’ biomimetic materials such as liposomes or biomembranes. The principal aims of this project are: to study the mechanical properties of biomimetic vesicles undergoing extreme deformations as a result of an applied external stress, e.g. optical, acoustic, or fluid shear forces; to study phase separation and rupture in artificial vesicles under external forcing; to use the result of the above studies to engineer membrane materials with properties optimised for applications including controlled drug release and microreactors.

During the project the student will acquire skills in microfluidics, microdevice fabrication, optics, modelling (including light scattering and transport phenomena), image analysis, and (micro)rheology.

The start date is 1 October 2019 (or sooner). The studentship will cover all university fees and includes funds for maintenance at the standard UK rate and for participation in international conferences and workshops. Due to funding restrictions, this studentship is open only to candidates who satisfy EPSRC eligibility requirements. This funding is for UK/EU nationals candidates. Please refer to the following website for eligibility criteria: http://cdt-acm.org/how-to-apply/general-information/.

Bubbly! From cracking joints to volcanoes

Photo by Heather Smith on Pexels.com

Happy 2019! If you found yourself marveling at the growing, rising, and bursting bubbles in your glass of champagne this New Year’s Eve, read on!

Bubbles are hidden inside a variety of man-made or natural materials and fluids. Lots of tiny bubbles give texture to chocolate mousse. A few tiny bubbles created when we crack our joints are the cause for the “crack” noise we hear. Huge bubbles are formed inside volcanoes because of the decompression of magma as it rises to the surface of the Earth. From sub-millimeter to kilometer scales, from industrial to biological processes, researchers strive to understand and control the presence and evolution of bubbles.

Together with Benjamin Dollet and Philippe Marmottant we have reviewed this fascinating topic in Bubble Dynamics in Soft and Biological Matter. The review paper will be published in volume 51 of the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics on 07 January 2019, and is already available online.

Looking back on last year, here are some great review papers on bubbles that have appeared in 2018 (not an exhaustive list):

Here’s to another year of discoveries on bubbles leading to advances in fluid dynamics, electrochemistry, food engineering, geophysics and more!

Keith Haring at the colloidal scale and dynamic capillarity

Art and science have come together in our lab as we observed this pattern of microparticles sitting on the surface of a bubble. The observed microstructure resembles a human figure in American mural artist Keith Haring’s distinctive style.

The microstructures formed by colloids at fluid interfaces are usually due to electrostatics and capillarity. This unique microstructure was obtained by deforming a bubble decorated with colloidal particles with ultrasonic waves, resulting in complex dynamic interactions between the particles. The science behind making chains of particles by dynamic capillarity is explained in our paper Dynamic capillary assembly of colloids at interfaces with 10,000g accelerations, published today in Nature Communications.

The first author of the paper, Axel Huerre, led this work as a postdoc in our group in 2016-2018. He is now a postdoc at LadHyx, Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, where he studies the coupling between hydrodynamics and phase changes in capillary problems. The interaction model presented in the paper was developed by co-author Marco De Corato, also a postdoc in our group.

For the past 3 years we have been investigating extreme deformation of particle-laden fluid interfaces in the framework of ERC-funded project ExtreFlow. Marco has also developed a theoretical model for the effects of the dynamic deformation of the interface by oscillating particles, described in his paper Capillary interactions between dynamically forced particles adsorbed at a planar interface and on a bubble, which was published (Open Access) earlier this year in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics.

We will present both papers at the upcoming 12th European Fluid Mechanics Conference in Vienna (9-13 September 2018). If you’re interested, come along to our talks on Tuesday, 11 September, in the Mini Symposium “Particles at Interfaces”. See you then!

Image: 2-µm fluorescent microparticles at 30% surface coverage on an air bubble of radius 86 µm suspended in water. From: A. Huerre, M. De Corato, V. Garbin, Dynamic capillary assembly of colloids at interfaces with 10,000g accelerations, Nature Communications 9, 3620 (2018).

Annual European Rheology Conference 2018

We are getting ready for AERC 2018 in Sorrento (Italy) on 17-20 April 2018. Our group has two oral presentations and one poster presentation on the ExtreFlow project. Axel will give a talk on “Transient string formation in colloid monolayers at fluid interfaces under ultrafast deformation” (preprint available on arXiv). Marco will present his newest results on “Acoustically enhanced bubble removal from yield stress fluids”. Saikat’s poster is on “Rheology of complex interfaces under extreme deformation”. See you in Sorrento!